Amália Rodrigues

Amália Rodrigues

Amália Rodrigues

Birth Name

Amália da Piedade Rodrigues

Nickname

Rainha do Fado (Fado’s Queen)

Date of Birth

23 July 1920, Lisbon, Portugal

Date of Death

6 October 1999, Lisbon, Portugal (natural causes)
She died in her house in São Bento. Her body is in Panteón Nacional, in Lisbon, next to important figures of Portugal.

Short Biography

Amália Rodrigues was born in Lisbon, Portugal July 23rd, 1920 to a poor and numerous family. Since her childhood she showed a talent for singing although she debuted formally in 1939 at 19 years old, becoming a great popular success. During World War II she carried out long tours for Spain and Brazil and she obtained in 1945 her first great musical success with the song “Ai Mouraria”. In 1947 she debuted as an actress in the Portuguese movie “Capas Negras” (with Alberto Ribeiro) and it became the best movie of the year in Portugal and Amália became a great international celebrity and the most admired and loved star of Portugal.

During the 50 and 60′s Amália become the maximum exponent of Portugal’s popular music and so, their main ambassador for her very successful movies (including “Sangue Toureiro”, by the way, the first Portuguese movie filmed in color) as well as for her LPs. Among her well-known songs are: “Lisboa Antiga”, “Foi Deus”, “Coimbra” (also known as “April in Portugal”), “Barco Negro”, “Canção do Mar”, “Nem as Paredes Confesso”, “Lisboa, Não Sejas Francesa”, “Arranjuez, mon amour” (French version of “Concierto de Aranjuez” of Joaquín Rodrigo), “Vou Dar de Beber à Dor” and “Com que Voz”, among many others. She also sang poems turned music of several Portuguese poets and, in fact, Variety’s magazine chose her in 1959 as one of the four best female singers in history.

When the “Revolução Dos Cravos” (“Carnation’s Revolution”) happened on April 25th, 1974 which finished 48 years of Fascist government in Portugal, rumors arose that Amália collaborated with the deposed government. Her fame was seriously affected and she decided to retire from show business for not entering in polemic (although soon, after its death, it was discovered that she collaborated privately with the Communist Party of Portugal) but one year after, she acted in the Coliseu Theater of Lisbon where 5,000 people applauded her on foot, demonstrating with this that her public never released her.

After that, Amália continued her career as if nothing happened and in 1980 she debuted as composer. In April 19th, 1985 Amália presented her show in the Coliseu dos Recreios of Lisbon, being her first solo concert in Portugal after 10 years and she obtained a record of attendance. In 1989, for her 50 years of artistic career, the President of Portugal Mário Soares honored her and the Pope John Paul II in Rome, Italy received her in private audience. During her last years, Amália received countless tributes inside and outside of Portugal and suddenly died while she slept in her house of Lisbon on October 6th, 1999. She was buried in an impressive funeral ceremony with the massive attendance of her fans.

IMDb Mini Biography By: Juan Carlos Brazão

Spouse

César Seabra, (between 1961 and 1997)
Francisco Da Cruz, (between 1942 and 1944)

Trivia

Awarded the highest honors of Portugal: Ordem Militar de Sant’Iago da Espada (Grau de Cavaleiro) in 1958, Ordem Militar de Sant’Iago da Espada (Grau de Oficial) in 1970 both by President Américo Thomaz; Ordem do Infante D.Henrique (Grau Grande Oficial) in 1980 by President Ramalho Eanes; Ordem Militar de Sant’Iago da Espada (Grã Cruz) in 1990 by President Mário Soares. In 2001, posthumously, Amália was awarded with Ordem do Infante D. Henrique (Grã Cruz)by President Jorge Sampaio.

Sister of the Fado singer Celeste Rodrigues.

Her parents and older sibling moved to Fundão when Amália was 14 months old. She stayed with her grandparents in Lisbon. Amália move to her parents house at the age of 14 when they return to Lisbon.

In 1929 Amália started to studied in Tapada da Ajuda School.

In 1938 she represented Alcântara ward in the Spring Contest.

In 1939 she made her debut as a Fado singer in Retiro da Severa.

In 1949 she sang for the first time in Paris and London. And in 1952 she sang for the first time in New York in La Vie en Rose.

Awarded one of Spain’s highest honors, Orden de Isabel, la Catolica (Laço de Dama) in 1968.

Awarded France’s highest honors: Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 1970 and Commandeur de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 1985.

Parents

Albertino de Jesus Rodrigues (1888-1962) and Lucinda da Piedade Rebordão.

Siblings

Vicente, Filipe, José (died as a child), António (died as a child), Celeste Rodrigues, Ana, Maria da Glória (died as a child) and Maria Odete.

Bio extracted from IMdb in http://www.imdb.com/

Complete Discography

Following list includes all the 187 discs from Amália Rodrigues we know as have been published before her death. Some works appear more than once because they were re-edited in different disc formats (78rpm, 45rpm, LP, etc). Any contribution to keep this list without mistakes will be welcome.

  1. As Penas © 1945
  2. A Tendinha © 1945
  3. Fado do Ciúme © 1945
  4. Corria Atrás das Cantigas © 1945
  5. Los Piconeros © 1945
  6. Troca de Olhares © 1945
  7. Ai Mouraria © 1945
  8. Maria da Cruz © 1945
  9. Fado do Ciúme © 1951/52
  10. Não Sei Porque Te Foste Embora © 1951/52
  11. Sabe-se Lá © 1951/52
  12. Fado da Saudade © 1951/52
  13. Fado Marujo © 1951/52
  14. Ave-Maria Fadista © 1951/52
  15. Fado da Adiça © 1951/52
  16. Lá Porque Tens Cinco Pedras © 1951/52
  17. Ai Mouraria © 1951/52
  18. Vingança © 1953/56
  19. La Salvadora © 1953/56
  20. Grão de Arroz © 1953/56
  21. Novo Fado da Severa © 1953/56
  22. Não Digas Mal Dele © 1953/56
  23. Uma Casa Portuguesa © 1953/56
  24. Primavera © 1953/56
  25. Alamares © 1953/56
  26. Tudo Isto é Fado © 1953/56
  27. El Negro Zumbou © 1953/56
  28. Dá-me o Braço Anda Daí © 1953/56
  29. Foi Deus © 1953/56
  30. Fado Eugénia Câmara © 1953/56
  31. Les Amants du Tage © 1955
  32. Amália no Olympia © 1957
  33. Canta em Francês © 1958
  34. Do Filme Sangue Toureiro © 1958
  35. Canta em Espanhol © 1958
  36. Em Alfama © 1958
  37. Cabeça de Vento © 1958
  38. Triste Sina © 1958
  39. Marcha da Mouraria © 1958
  40. Esquina do Pecado © 1958
  41. Fui ao Baile © 1958
  42. Sem Razão © 1958
  43. Ai Mouraria © 1958
  44. Sabe-se Lá © 1958
  45. Lá Porque Tens Cinco Pedras © 1958
  46. Fado da Adiça © 1958
  47. Amália Sings [vol 1] © 1959
  48. Os Amantes do Tejo © 1960
  49. Fado dos Fados © 1961
  50. Fado e Touros © 1962
  51. Busto © 1962
  52. Quatro Êxitos de Amália © 1962
  53. Amália Rodrigues © 1962
  54. Uma Casa Portuguesa © 1962
  55. Nem às Paredes Confesso © 1962
  56. Amália à l’Olympia © 1962
  57. Amália © 1962
  58. Amália, The Beautiful © 1962
  59. Madrugada de Alfama © 1963
  60. Povo que Lavas no Rio © 1963
  61. Maria Lisboa © 1963
  62. Abandono © 1963
  63. Marchas de Lisboa © 1963
  64. Algemas © 1964
  65. Estranha Forma de Vida © 1964
  66. Lisboa Bonita © 1964
  67. Fado Corrido © 1964
  68. Amália Canta Luís de Camões © 1965
  69. Ai Mouraria © 1965
  70. Só Lisboa © 1965
  71. Fado Português © 1965
  72. Fandangueiro © 1966
  73. Nome de Rua © 1966
  74. Fado Português © 1966
  75. Le Premier Jour du Monde © 1966
  76. Fado do Ciúme © 1966
  77. Folclore 1 – Amália Canta Portugal © 1967
  78. Malhão de Cinfães © 1967
  79. Tirana © 1967
  80. A Júlia Florista © 1967
  81. Inch’Allah , L’Important C’est la Rose © 1967
  82. Pedro Gaiteiro © 1967
  83. Fados 67 © 1967
  84. Aranjuez, Mon Amour © 1967
  85. Não é Tarde © 1968
  86. Não Peças Demais à Vida © 1968
  87. Nós as Meninhas © 1968
  88. La La La © 1968
  89. Vou Dar de Beber à Dor © 1968
  90. Marchas Populares © 1968
  91. Caracóis © 1968
  92. Ai Chico, Chico © 1969
  93. Formiga Bossa Nossa © 1969
  94. Marchas Populares © 1969
  95. Marchas de Lisboa © 1969
  96. La Maison sur le Port © 1969
  97. Vou Dar de Beber à Dor © 1969
  98. Covilhã, Cidade Neve © 1970
  99. Amália e Vinicius © 1970
  100. Com Que Voz © 1970
  101. É ou Não É ? © 1970
  102. Amália Rodrigues © 1970
  103. Natal dos Simples © 1970
  104. Fado Português © 1970
  105. Com que Voz? © 1970
  106. Ó Careca © 1971
  107. Amália Canta Portugal II © 1971
  108. Oiça Lá ó Senhor Vinho © 1971
  109. Amália no Japão © 1971
  110. Cuidei que Tinha Morrido © 1971
  111. Cantigas de Amigos © 1971
  112. Zé Soldado Soldadinho © 1971
  113. Marchas de Lisboa © 1972
  114. Meu Limão de Amargura © 1972
  115. Mio Amor, Mio Amor © 1972
  116. Amália Canta Portugal III © 1972
  117. Cheira a Lisboa © 1972
  118. Alamares © 1972
  119. Amália em Paris © 1972
  120. Maldição © 1973
  121. Amália Chante le Portugal © 1973
  122. Fadinho da Ti Maria Benta © 1973
  123. Cana Verde do Mar © 1973
  124. Valentim © 1973
  125. Encontro Amália e Don Byas © 1974
  126. Meu Amor é Marinheiro © 1974
  127. Trova do Vento que Passa © 1974
  128. Fado Peniche © 1974
  129. Grândola Vila Morena © 1974
  130. Amália no Luso © 1974
  131. Malhão © 1975
  132. Grão de Arroz © 1975
  133. Foi Deus © 1975
  134. Amália no Canecão © 1976
  135. Algemas © 1976
  136. Cantigas da Boa Gente © 1976
  137. Fandangueiro © 1977
  138. Caldeirada © 1977
  139. Anda o Sol na Minha Rua © 1977
  140. Cantigas numa Língua Antiga © 1977
  141. Malhão das Pulgas © 1980
  142. Gostava de Ser Quem Era © 1980
  143. Cantigas ao Menino Jesus © 1981
  144. É ou Não É © 1981
  145. O Senhor Extraterrestre © 1982
  146. Fado – Amália Volta a Cantar Frederico Valério © 1982
  147. Amália e Vinicius de Moraes © 1983
  148. Perlimpimpim © 1983
  149. Lágrima © 1983
  150. Amália na Broadway © 1984
  151. O Melhor de Amália – Estranha Forma de Vida © 1985
  152. O Melhor de Amália [vol 2] – Tudo Isto é Fado © 1985
  153. Sucessos © 1987
  154. Coliseu 3 de Abril © 1987
  155. Com que Voz © 1988
  156. Uma Casa Portuguesa © 1988
  157. Folclore à Guitarra e à Viola © 1988
  158. Encontro Amália e Don Byas © 1988
  159. Amália no Olympia Nov © 1988
  160. Amália Rodrigues © 1989
  161. Amália Canta Portugal © 1989
  162. Amália 50 Anos © 1989
  163. Amália 50 Anos – Os Poetas © 1989
  164. Amália 50 Anos – O Folclore e as Marchas © 1989
  165. Amália 50 Anos – Amália Internacional © 1989
  166. Amália 50 Anos – O Teatro e o Cinema © 1989
  167. Amália 50 Anos – Amália ao Vivo Dez © 1989
  168. Amália 50 Anos – Os Compositores © 1989
  169. Amália 50 Anos – Amália Mais os Poetas Populares © 1989
  170. Amália 50 Anos – Rara e Inédita © 1989
  171. Obsessão © 1990
  172. Fado Português © 1992
  173. Cantigas da Boa Gente © 1992
  174. Oiça Lá ó Senhor Vinho © 1992
  175. Amália no Café Luso © 1992
  176. Amália Fado – Amália Volta a Cantar Frederico Valé © 1992
  177. Maldição © 1992
  178. Cantigas numa Língua Antiga © 1992
  179. Abbey Road © 1992
  180. O Melhor de Amália – Estranha Forma de Vida © 1995
  181. Gostava de Ser Quem Era © 1995
  182. Lágrima reed. © 1995
  183. Pela Primeira Vez – Rio de Janeiro © 1995
  184. Ai Chico, Chico © 1996
  185. Segredo © 1997
  186. The Art of Amália Rodrigues © 1998
  187. Fado Amália © 1998